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COVID 19 AND GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA (1) By Otive Igbuzor

Covid 19 is the name given to the disease associated with Corona virus that started in Wuhan, China towards the end of 2019. Corona viruses are viruses that circulate among animals but some of them are known to infect human beings. The virus is spread from human to human via small respiratory droplets through sneezing, coughing or contact with infected person or surface. When a person comes in contact with the droplets and touch his or her nose, mouth or eyes, he or she will get infected. The virus can survive on different surfaces for several hours and probably to a few days. The incubation period i.e time of exposure to the virus and onset of symptoms is between one and fourteen days. The main symptoms are fever, cough, sore throat and difficulty in breathing (respiratory distress).

The way a country is able to respond to the Covid 19 pandemic depends on the strength of its governance system. Governance is the exercise of political, economic and administrative authority to manage the affairs of an entity like a country or a state. It is made up of the mechanisms, processes, relationships and institutions that are used to manage the affairs.

I am starting this Covid 19 and governance in Nigeria series during this period of lock down to examine the challenges of Covid 19 in Nigeria and its implications for governance. In particular, I will focus on governance failures and what needs to be done to strengthen our governance system. I hope that researchers, policy makers, civil society activists and the general public will find the series useful.

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[ii] WHO (2020), Clinical Preparedness, Readiness and Response actions for COVID-19.

[iii] WHO (2020), Laboratory Testing Strategy Recommendations for COVID-19. 21st March, 2020.

[i] Munroe, M (1993), Becoming a Leader. Lanham, Pneuma Life Publishing.

[ii] Igbuzor, Otive and Anuku, C. E. O. (2014), Lecture Notes on Leadership and Entrepreneurship. Abuja, African Centre for Leadership, Strategy & Development.

[iii] Boin, A, Kuipers, S and Overdijk, W. (2013), Leadership in Times of Crisis: A Framework for Assessment. International Review of Public Administration. Vol 18, No. 1.

[i] WHO-China (2020), Report of WHO-China Joint Mission on Corona virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19)

[ii] Ibid

[iii] Cowling, B and Lim, W. W. (2020), They have contained the virus: Here ‘s How. New York Times, 13th March, 2020.

[iv] World Health Organisation (WHO) (2010), World Health Report 2010-Health System Financing: The Path to Universal Coverage. Geneva, World Health Organisation (WHO).

[v] Adeloye, et al (2017), Health Workforce and Governance: The Crisis in Nigeria. Human Resources for Health, Vol 13, N0 32.

[vi] Aregbeshola, B (2019), Health care in Nigeria: Challenges and Recommendations. www.socialprotection.org