Solid Mineral Development in Nigeria: Evidence from Ebonyi, Ekiti and Taraba States.

Nigeria is a resource endowed country. Official statistics suggest that the country has over 44 solid minerals distributed across the 36 States of the country. These natural resources had shaped the country’s pre-independence industrialization trajectory as minerals were both a source of energy (in the case of coal) as well as tradable commodity (e.g., Columbite, Tin, Lead and Zinc). However, the discovery of and focus on crude oil production in the 1970s led to a significant decline in the development of the solid mineral mining industry. Download the full report via the link below:

Raising New Generations of Leaders in Edo State (SUCCESSES AND LEARNING) #YouthCanLead

The future belongs to the youth. As leaders of tomorrow, the youths should begin to act today. Young people possess enormous power and responsibility to influence the political direction of their countries. The African Youth Charter, in recognition of this, stipulated that member states should build the capacity of their youths to enable them to participate in the governance process and decision making. On this premise, the capacity building for youths interested in politics in the Niger Delta was conceptualised by the African Centre for Leadership, Strategy and Development (Centre LSD). Download the full report via the link below:

Raising New Generations of Leaders in Delta State (STORIES OF SUCCESS) #YouthCanLead

The youth constitute the backbone and future of any nation. In recognition of this fact, the African Union developed the African Youth Charter, where it prescribed responsibilities to Member States for the development of youths. The prescription is borne out of the belief that Africa’s renaissance cannot be realised if adequate investment is not made in the youth who constitute about 40 per cent of the African population. Download the full report via the link below:

Anambra State Recent Budgets and Water and Sanitation Projects across Primary Healthcare Centres in Three Focal LGAs.

The productivity of any society depends on the quality of human capital that is available in the society. The quality of human capital available in a society, on the other hand, depends largely on the health and wellbeing of the people, as well as the level of educational development of the minds of the people for improved productivity. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria recognises “right to life” as one of the fundamental human rights of the citizens of Nigeria. Download the full report via the link below:

Quota system and University Admission in Nigeria: Equity Perspective by Dr. Hussaini Abdu and Dr. Segun Joshua.

Managing diversity has been a major preoccupation of the Nigeria state. The decision to embrace a federal system is part of a strategic response to national diversity. Nevertheless, agreeing on major mechanism for managing this has been a historical subject of contention (Afigbo, 1989; Ekeh, 1989; Gboyega, 1989; Gberevbie & Ibietan, 2013; Mandaci & Tepeciklioglu, 2018). While there appear to be a general consensus on federal system, the nature, depth and character of federal principles has also been contentious (Afigbo, 1989; Osaghae, 1998). It is in this general context that quota system in university admission is located. Because of differential colonial experience across the different regions of the country and other sociological factors, most parts of northern Nigeria appeared less educated compared to the south. This was the situation in the immediate post-independent period and has remained so, even five decades after independence. Download the full report via the link below:

An Assessment of the Quota System in Nigeria with Emphasis on the Education Sector by Ebere Onwudiwe and Ode Ojowu.

Since 2011, the mood to rethink the country in its political, economic and social ramifications has heightened, leading to the national conference of 2014 . The recommendations of this conference have fueled national divide along regional fault lines. The call for political restructuring, the agitation for autonomy and separation, the violence occasioned by feelings of deprivation and those motivated by religious fervour have combined to put the country on edge yet again (Adetunberu & Bello, 2018; Abbas & Wakili, 2018)… Download the full report below

Factsheet: Reforming Basic Education in Nigeria.

Nigeria accounts for 45% of the growing number of out-of-school children in West Africa. The number of out-of-school children is highly contested – with data ranging from 13.2 million to 10.2 million out-of-school children at the primary level. The issue, however, is likely to be much greater as the government does not collect and report on the number of out-of-school children at upper secondary school age. The true size of the education crisis in Nigeria is therefore unknown. School-age children in northern Nigeria face the biggest challenges accessing education, with the northern states accounting for 69% of all out-of-school children.

Baseline Study Report on the Community-Led Collective Action for Girls Education Project in Adamawa State (C-CAGE)

The Community-led Collective Action for Girls Education (C-CAGE) is a three-year project conceptualized by African Centre for Leadership, Strategy & Development (Centre LSD) to address the root causes of barriers to girl-child education with the goal of increasing the rate of girls’ enrolment and retention in public primary and secondary schools in Numan, Song and Maiha Local Government Areas of Adamawa State, Nigeria. These LGAs were deliberately selected for the project to have a presence in the three senatorial districts in Adamawa State. The project which has the funding support of Malala Fund will challenge systems and structures that have tended to exacerbate the preponderance of out-of-school children especially that of the girl child. The idea of the Community-Led Collective Action for Girls Education (C-CAGE) project is to Strengthen Systems and Cultural Norms that Encourage Girl-Child Enrolment and Retention of Secondary School Education in Adamawa State.


Risk of Transmission of Covid-19 at Primary Health Care Centres in Anambra State

Promoting Girls’ Education Through Community Participation and Action

Training manual for School-Based Management Committee(SBMC), Parents Teachers Association (PTA) and Community Stakeholders in Education Sector in Adamawa State.

Removing Barriers to Girls’ Education in Adamawa State

Training manual promoting peer learning among in-school and out-of-school girls

Survey Report on the Level of Youth Participation in Politics in Edo, Delta, and Bayelsa States

One key issue that will dictate the future of Nigerian politics for many years to come is the youth. This is largely because the youth is the reservoir of, and change agent for, the political leadership and development of the country.


Sexual and Gender-Based Violent (SGBV) and Harmful Traditional Practices (HPs) are direct consequences of gender inequality and the broader system of social injustice in Nigeria. Most Communities and relationships are built on patriarchal values and a model of male power maintained through force, direct pressure , socialization, ritual, tradition, law, language, customs, education and the gender division of labor


Training Manual for Youth Interested in Politics in Edo, Delta and Bayelsa States

The training guide was designed to provide background knowledge of the basic issues the youth interested in politics has to understand in Nigeria.

The Realities of Solid Mineral Mining in Taraba State: Issues, Challenges and Way Forward.

The problem of poor natural resource management manifests in various ways. There is no independent, objective and fair oversight of the sector. There are controversies over what appropriate fiscal regime is fair, equitable and will allow for growth of investment. In the solid minerals sector, there is lack of implementation of regulatory framework, inadequate supervision and failure of mining companies to fulfil statutory requirements.

Solid Mineral Mining in Selected Communities in Ebonyi, Ekiti, and Taraba States, Nigeria : Policies, Practices and the Way Forward (Infographics)

Solid Mineral Mining in Selected Communities in Ebonyi, Ekiti, and Taraba States, Nigeria : Policies, Practices and the Way Forward (Report)

The study seeks to investigate the role of the state governments in the solid mineral mining sector; examine the nature, quality and effectiveness of community agreements; evaluate the quality, compliance of stakeholders to environmental policies and to find out the nature of the fiscal regimes and whether there are challenges in the derivation of benefits to stakeholders.

The Imperative of the Paris Club Refund and Bailout Funds for Development in States in Nigeria: Public Finance Accountability Deficits.

Following the general elections of Nigeria and the subsequent inauguration of new administrations both at the Federal level and in about 26 States across the country on May 29th, 2015, there emerged widespread reports in several media platforms regarding the worsening insolvency of State governments especially towards their civil and public service workers, as well as fulfilling their obligations to pensioners as civil servants and public-sector workers and pensioners were being owed varying degrees of months of salary and pension arrears across the states. The situation which had its roots primarily in the lack of public finance accountability and the associated recklessness by public office holders was largely precipitated by the dwindling revenue into the federation account, while the consequent declining allocations to states from the federation account was further compounded by the sliding of the economy into a recession in 2016; the first recession experienced by the country in over a quarter of a century. It was against this background and within the context of representations made to the Federal Government of Nigeria [FGN] by the State governments through the Nigeria Governors Forum [NGF] in the third quarter of 2015 that processes for bailouts and the Paris Club refunds to States were agreed and implemented between the FGN and the State Governments. Two bailout processes were agreed in the course of 2015, while the Paris Club refund process was agreed in November 2016, with implementation starting in December 2016. Two tranches of the Paris Club refund were subsequently disbursed to State governments.

Open Government Partnership: Frequently Asked Questions

Why the OGP?
Open Government Partnership is an international multi-stakeholder global coalition of reformers from government and civil society, working to make government transparent, participatory and accountable, to truly serve and empower citizens. It is a platform for governments, civil society actors, and other stakeholders interested in working together to make government more open and accountable. It is a voluntary and domestically driven initiative. By that, it means that countries/states are evaluated on progress against goals they set for themselves (and are encouraged to adopt international standards of good practice). Co-Creation is the underlying principle behind the OGP.

Local Government Elections in Nigeria: Training manual

This training manual was prepared to provide guidance on conducting Local Government (LG) elections in Nigeria. It is intended to help users fully understand the Local Government system in Nigeria, Challenges of Local Government administration in Nigeria, Local Government electoral process in Nigeria, Advocacy and civic engagement on Local Government elections, good governance and accountability.

Laws and Policies: Processes and Procedure for Open Government Partnership Implementation in Nigeria

It is well known that the Nigerian nation for several decades has continued to grapple with the challenges of effectively utilizing its resources to support equitable economic growth, effective service delivery and social cohesion. There is the belief that these challenges have remained so because majority of government activities are shrouded in secrecy and thus shrinked the space for citizens engagement. The Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) in its efforts to deepen institutional and policy reforms, joined the OGP in July 2016 as the 70th country. The OGP was formally launched in 2011 when the eight founding governments (Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Norway, the Philippines, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States) endorsed the Open Government Declaration, and announced their countries action plans.

Laws and Policies: Processes and Procedure for Open Government Partnership Implementation in Nigeria (2nd Review)

In the implementation of Commitment 13 of the OGP Nigeria National Action Plan with the main objective of ensuring the existence of adequate legal framework to engender transparency and accountability in the governance process, the African Centre for
Leadership, Strategy and Development (Centre LSD) in collaboration with the Open Government Partnership secretariat and the Federal Ministry of Justice actively engaged in the course of the previous year to date in the delivery of this major commitment. The main Report, commissioned by Centre LSD, which preceded this present edition
contained extensive review work on the state of policies and legislation to combat the menace of corruption in Nigeria and comparative analysis of the anti-corruption laws and policies of other jurisdictions within and outside Africa. The earlier report set the tone for the tracking of progress and developments in the laws and policies necessary to deliver on this key OGP Commitment.

Towards Effective Natural Resource Governance in Nigeria: Successes and Lessons (Ebonyi, Ekiti and Taraba States)

The project “Strengthening Civic Engagement and Advocacy for Effective Natural Resource Governance in Nigeria” was implemented in Ebonyi, Ekiti and Taraba States with support from Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA), from 2016 to 2018. The project was set out to achieve and it did achieve three objectives, including; (a) to build greater synergy and opportunity for citizens group to engage issues of natural resource governance in Nigeria (b) to re-galvanize civil society groups to engage the process of legal and administrative framework for natural resource governance in Nigeria, and (c) to examine the drive for non-oil revenue and how it will play out with existing solid minerals development law and possible sub-national government interests in the mining sector.

Annual salaries and pensions of members of the Nigerian National Assembly: Transparency of payments.

The Nigerian Legislators have always been in the news over the issue of their salaries and emoluments which have been sources of controversy over the years. Some publications alleged that they are the highest-paid parliamentarians in the world, with monthly salaries equaling annual salaries of some other parliaments. While others argued that Nigerian parliamentarians earn less than their counterparts in other nations, especially in Africa, but considering other entitlements such as those earning dual salaries (from state and federal) and the additional payments of constituency allowances makes them higher than many countries of the world.

The Realities of Solid Mineral Mining in Ekiti State: Issues, Challenges and Way Forward.

The problem of poor natural resource management manifests in various ways. There is no independent, objective and fair oversight of the sector. There are controversies over what appropriate fiscal regime is fair, equitable and will allow for growth of investment. In the solid minerals sector, there is lack of implementation of regulatory framework, inadequate supervision and failure of mining companies to fulfill statutory requirements.

Environmental Governance in the Niger Delta

The subject of good environmental governance is very much an issue of concern today, at all fronts in the sustainable development discourse. Formal and informal economic activities, of both government and the private sector, especially in the extractive sector, pose a lot of threat to the safety of people and their environment. Adequate attention has not yet been given to the environmental consequences of efforts aimed at meeting economic needs. Here lies the real issue of what good governance systems can do to save humanity from self- destructive behaviours. As the world continues to look for opportunities to meet its energy needs, and people continue to search for their own means of survival, the environment becomes, indisputably an issue. Sustainable relationship to nature is desirable for the protection of the environment. Regrettably, this has not been the case in many parts of the world. It is even worse for developing countries, as experience has shown that most of the environmental problems they have faced in the last five decades or so, since discovery of natural resources in these countries are linked to how the resources are being managed. At issue is protection of the environment and good management of natural resources (Walter and Ugelow 1979: 102).

Budget, Issues and Policy Recommendation in Anambra State (2003– 2013)

Anambra State is one of the fast-growing states located in southeast Nigeria with an estimated population of over five million in 2013, based on the 2006 census figures and a growth rate of 2.8%. With all its potential, Anambra still suffers from myriad of problems including environmental issues such as soil erosion and flooding. Currently, social amenities in the state are grossly inadequate. Quite a number of its citizens are still living below the poverty line (56.8% according to 2010 Harmonized Nigerian Living Standard Survey) and this has been evident alongside poor health and dropout from schools. High levels of unemployment, particularly among youths, have contributed to social unrest, kidnapping,, agitations and conflicts in the state in the last decade.


The issue of human resources and indeed leadership in the success or failure of organizations and nations cannot be overemphasized. Some scholars have pointed out that everything rises and falls on leadership.1 Political leadership is crucial for the effective functioning and development of nations. The issue of political succession is therefore of strategic importance. Meanwhile, it is very clear that the challenge of succession is a universal one affecting all sectors of society: Private sector, religious sector, civil society sector and in the political society.